Hungary producers radioactive waste from the Paks nuclear reactors - (non-disposable in the existing off-site repository) and from medical and industrial nuclear activities (disposable in the existing off-site repository). The strategy on LLW/ILW disposal in Hungary is that these wastes will be buried in cemented form in steel drums in a shallow-ground disposal site, maintained for 600 years. Since 1986, ILW/LLW from the Paks nuclear power station has been stored at Paks, due to public opposition to its continued burial at the existing disposal site at Puspokszilagy. Public opposition also prevented disposal of Paks-generated ILW/LLW at the alternative site at Ofalu. Until this situation is resolved, ILW/LLW generated at Paks is cemented and stored on-site at Paks.
In the past activities related to the disposal of radioactive waste were conducted within the framework of the State budget for waste not originating from the power generation industry, while the Paksi Atomer6mG Rt. was responsible financing the disposal of waste from the nuclear power plant. As of 1 January 1998 the Atomic Energy Act established the Central Nuclear Financial Fund based on the payments of parties using nuclear energy. The goal of this Fund is to attend to the storage of radioactive waste, interim storage and final disposal of spent fuel, and to finance the decommissioning (dismantling) of nuclear facilities.
Pursuant to the Act on Atomic Energy, a body designated by the Government shall be responsible for attending to the duties related to the treatment of radioactive waste and the decommissioning of nuclear facilities. Based on the authorization of the Government, the HAEA has established the Public Agency for Radioactive Waste Management (PURAM) for this purpose.
In accordance with the relevant Government Decree and Resolution, the Public Agency for Radioactive Waste Management attends to the planning, construction and treatment duties associated with the storage and disposal of radioactive waste and spent fuel elements. It is also responsible for activities related to the decommissioning of nuclear facilities, as well as for the operation of the Püspökszilágy Disposal Site (PDS) and the Interim Storage Facility for Spent Fuel (ISFS) located at the Paks nuclear power plant. Its duties include preparation of the annual, intermediate and long-range plans for the Central Nuclear Financial Fund.
In accordance with international expectations activities are underway at various levels in Hungary in the field of the safe treatment and disposal of radioactive waste and spent fuel in the frame of a national programme started already in 1993. The focus of this programme is the selection of a site for the storage of low and intermediate-level radioactive waste.