Radioactive waste management is managed by the ININ (Nuclear Research National Institute) for waste generated by medical, industrial, and research applications of radioactive material. For waste generated from nuclear power, management is performed by the Electricity Federal Commission, which is in charge of the Laguna Verde NPP. The regulatory framework is established by the Nuclear Safety and Safeguards National Commission (CNSNS). All of these entities are coordinated by the Ministry of Energy, which is responsible for the radioactive waste disposal regardless its origin. Such Ministry is responsible of the establishment of the radioactive waste policy.Radioactive Waste Management Policy
Currently there is no formally established policy for radioactive waste management, and the working coordination is as described in the Introduction. However, due to the absence of a policy and its periodical revisions, these entities respond according to arising situations, needs and issues on radioactive waste management.
In 1998 a Radioactive Waste Management Policy project was started, which unfortunately has not been issued due to socio-political obstacles. Currently the Energy Ministry has taken back the radioactive waste management policy and has started the elaboration process of such policy.Responsible Organizations
According to the Law of Constitutional Article 27, responsibilities of each organization regarding radioactive waste management are:
ININ (Nuclear Research National Institute):
ININ has as the primary objective the research and development in the field of nuclear sciences and technologies; as well as to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to promote the achievements for its inclusion in the economical, social, scientific and technologic development of the country.
This ministry is in charge of the storage, transport, and deposit of nuclear fuel and radioactive waste regardless its origin. It can authorize public entities for storage of nuclear fuel and radioactive waste derived from its utilization.
C.N.S.N.S (Nuclear Safety and Safeguards National Commission):
To review, to evaluate and to authorize, the basis for the siting, design, construction, operation, modification, closure, and dismantling of nuclear and radioactive facilities: as well as every matter regarding to the fabrication, use, handling, storage, reprocessing and transport of nuclear materials and nuclear fuels, radioactive materials and containing equipment; processing, conditioning, releasing and storage of radioactive waste and disposal.
Currently there is a non-established strategy, which is to address radioactive waste matters as they come out. Since there is no formal policy yet, the strategy is also in process of development.